P – R



“Abbreviation for ‘Protection and Indemnity,’an insurance term.”

Packing List 

list of commodities with marks/numbers but no cost values indicated.


“Abbreviation for ‘Please Authorize Delivery Against Guarantee.’A request from the consignee to the shipper to allow the carrier or agent to release cargo against a guarantee, either bank or personal. Made when the consignee is unable to produce original bills of lading. ”

Paired Ports 

A U.S. Customs program wherein at least two designated Customs ports will enter cargo that arrives at either port without the necessity of an in-bound document.


“A platform with or without sides, on which a number of packages or pieces may be loaded to facilitate handling by a lift truck.”

Paper Ramp 

“A technical rail ramp, used for equalization of points not actually served. ”

Paper Rate

A published rate that is never assessed because no freight moves under it.

Parcel Receipt 

“An arrangement whereby a steamship company, under rules and regulations established in the freight tariff of a given trade, accepts small packages at rates below the minimum bill of lading, and issues a parcel receipt instead of a bill of lading. ”

Partial Shipments 

“Under letters of credit, one or more shipments are allowed by the phrase ‘partial shipments permitted.'”

Particular Average

“See Insurance, Particular Average. ”


“A party named in an instrument as the beneficiary of the funds. Under letters of credit, the payee is either the drawer of the draft or a bank. ”


“A party responsible for the payment as evidenced by the given instrument. Under letters of credit, the payer is the party on whom the draft is drawn, usually the drawee bank.”

Per Diem

“A charge, based on a fixed daily rate.” 

Perils of the Sea 
Those causes of loss for which the carrier is not legally liable. The elemental risks of ocean transport.

Phytosanitary Inspection Certificate 

A certificate issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to satisfy import regulations of foreign countries; indicates that a U.S. shipment has been inspected and found free from harmful pests and plant diseases.


The act of calling for freight by truck at the consignor’s shipping platform.


The structure perpendicular to the shoreline to which a vessel is secured for the purpose of loading and unloading cargo.


“A shipment loaded into a container at the pier or terminal, thence to the consignee’s facility. ”


Containers loaded at port of loading and discharged at port of destination.

Piggy Packer 

A mobile container-handling crane used to load/unload containers to/from railcars.


A transportation arrangement in which truck trailers with their loads are moved by train to a destination. Also known as Rail Pigs.

Place of Delivery 

Place where cargo leaves the care and custody of carrier.

Place of Receipt

Location where cargo enters the care and custody of carrier.

Plimsoll Mark 

“A series of horizontal lines, corresponding to the seasons of the year and fresh or saltwater, painted on the outside of a ship marking the level which must remain above the surface of the water for the vessel’s stability. ”


Abbreviation for: – Port of Discharge. – Port of Destination. – Proof of Delivery.

A document required from the carrier or driver for proper payment.

Point of Origin

The place at which a shipment is received by a carrier from the shipper.


Abbreviation for: – Port of Loading. “- Petroleum, Oil, and Lubricants. ” 

”Pomerene Act, Also known as (U.S.) Federal Bill of Lading Act of 1916. ” 
U.S. federal law enacting conditions by which a B/L may be issued. Penalties for issuing B/L’s containing false data include monetary fines and/or imprisonment.


– Harbor with piers or docks.

– Left side of a ship when facing forward.

– Opening in a ship’s side for handling freight.

Port of Call

Port where a ship discharges or receives traffic.

Port of Entry

Port where cargo is unloaded and enters a country.

Port of Exit 

Place where cargo is loaded and leaves a country.

Pratique Certificate 

Lifts temporary quarantine of a vessel; granted pratique by Health Officer.


A process employed in the shipment of citrus fruits and other perishable commodities. The fruit is packed and placed in a cold room from which the heat is gradually extracted. The boxes of fruit are packed in containers that have been thoroughly cooled and transported through to destination without opening the doors.

Prepaid (Ppd.) 

Freight charges paid by the consignor (shipper) prior to the release of the bills of lading by the carrier.

Pro Forma

“A Latin term meaning ‘For the sake of form.'”

Pro Forma Invoice

“An invoice provided by a supplier prior to the shipment of merchandise, informing the buyer of the kinds and quantities of goods to be sent, their value, and specifications (weight, size, etc.).”

Pro Rata

“A Latin term meaning ‘In proportion.'”

Project Rate

“Single tariff item, established to move multiple commodities needed for a specified project, usually construction.”

Public Service Commission

A name usually given to a State body having control or regulation of public utilities.

Publishing Agent

“Person authorized by transportation lines to publish tariffs or rates, rules, and regulations for their account.”

Pulp Temperature 

Procedure where carrier tests the temperature of the internal flesh of refrigerated commodities to assure that the temperature at time of shipment conforms to prescribed temperature ranges.


A short semi-trailer used jointly with a dolly and another semi-trailer to create a twin trailer.




“A restraint placed on an operation to protect the public against a health hazard. A ship may be quarantined so that it cannot leave a protected point. During the quarantine period, the Q flag is hoisted.”


A wedge-shaped piece of timber used to secure barrels against movement.


The quantity of goods that may be imported without restriction during a set period of time.


An offer to sell goods at a stated price and under stated terms.


A structure attached to land to which a vessel is moored.  See also Pier and Dock.



Rag Top

A slang term for an open-top trailer or container with a tarpaulin cover.

Rail Division 

The amount of money an ocean carrier pays to the railroad for overland carriage.

Rail Grounding 

The time that the container was discharged (grounded) from the train.


“Railroad terminal where containers are received or delivered and trains loaded or discharged. Originally, trailers moved onto the rearmost flatcar via a ramp and driven into position in a technique known as ‘circus loading.

‘Most modern rail facilities use lifting equipment to position containers onto the flatcars.


A movement where the load initiates at an origin rail ramp and terminates at a consignee’s door.


A movement of equipment from an origin rail ramp to a destination rail ramp only.

Rate Basis 

“A formula of the specific factors or elements that control the making of a rate. A rate can be based on any number of factors (i.e., weight, measure, equipment type, package, box, etc.).”


“Under ICC and common law, the requirement that a rate not be higher than is necessary to reimburse the carrier for the actual cost of transporting the traffic and allow a fair profit.”


An illegal form of discounting or refunding that has the net effect of lowering the tariff price. See also Malpractice.


Changing the consignee or destination on a bill of lading while shipment is still in transit. Diversion has substantially the same meaning.


A right claim against the guarantors of a loan or draft or bill of exchange.

Red Label 

A label required on shipments of flammable articles.


Refrigerated container.

Related Points 

A group of points to which rates are made the same as or in relation to rates to other points in group.


Request for quotation.


To transfer containers from one ship to another when both vessels are controlled by the same network (carrier) manager.


Funds sent by one person to another as payment.

Restricted Articles 

Articles handled only under certain conditions.

Revenue Ton (RT)

“A ton on which the shipment is freighted. If cargo is rated as weight or measure (W/M), whichever produces the highest revenue will be considered the revenue ton.  Weights are based on metric tons and measures are based on cubic meters.

RT=1 MT or 1 CBM


Reverse IPI 
An inland point provided by an all.water carrier’s through bill of lading in the U.S. by first discharging the container in an East Coast port.


“A shortening of the term, ”

“Roll On/Roll Off.”

” A method of ocean cargo service using a vessel with ramps which allows wheeled vehicles to be loaded and discharged without cranes.”


To re-book cargo to a later vessel.


The side-to-side (athwartship) motion of a vessel.


“The manner in which a shipment moves; i.e., the carriers handling it and the points at which the carriers interchange. ”

Running Gear 

Complementary equipment for terminal and over the road handling containers.


“Abbreviation for ‘Released Value Not Exceeding.’ Usually used to limit the value of goods transported.The limitation refers to carrier liability when paying a claim for lost or damaged goods. “